Inverter is a logic gate, with one input and one output.
|XOR and XNOR |
XOR(exclusive OR),XNOR(exclusive OR)
|PASS TRANSISTOR AND MULTIPLEXER |
In the pass transistor logic the input to the gate acts as the controlling input and depending on the value of control variable ,the input at the source end of transistor appears at the drain end or in other words the control variable controls a pass tran
Common challenges that chip designers face is that how large should be the transistors and how many stages of logic can give least delay. In other words how to optimize gate size to minimize the delay of a logic path.
|D-Latch AND D-FLIP FLOP |
Latch is an electronic device that can be used to store one bit of information. The D latch is used to capture, or 'latch' the logic level which is present on the Data line when the clock input is high.
|DESIGN USING SPICE |
Spice stands for Simulation Program for integrated circuit emphasis.The PC version of spice is called PSPICE whereas HSPICE works on larger workstations.
|DESIGN USING VHDL |
VHDL stands for VHSIC hardware description language.VHSIC means very-high-speed integrated circuit.As the name suggests it is a hardware description language used to model a digital system.VHDL is commonly used to write text models that describe a logic c
|DESIGN USING VERILOG |
Verilog is language commonly used in designing digital systems. It is a hardware description language, which means that it is substantially different from any other language you might have encountered so far.
|FULL CUSTOM DESIGN |
Full-custom design is a methodology for designing integrated circuits by specifying the layout of each individual transistor and the interconnections between them. Alternatives to full-custom design include various forms of semi-custom design, such as the
|SEMI CUSTOM DESIGN |
Semi Custom design is alternative to full-custom design include where we use standard library components such as half adder to make full adder.Standard cell libraries are themselves designed using full-custom design techniques.
|Realization of Virtual FPGA |
FPGA stands for Field Programmable Gate Array. FPGAs contain programmable logic components called "logic blocks", and a hierarchy of reconfigurable interconnects that allow the blocks to be "wired together" somewhat like many (changeab